What is heat-illness?

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What is heat-illness?

Seasons keep changing but our lifestyle remains the same throughout the year. Coping up with these changes is not easy and as a result we become prone to seasonal health issues. Summer is here and the major health concern for this season is heat-illness. Heat-illness is characterized by dizziness, fainting and nausea and is caused when the body is unable to cope up with excess sun exposure.

 

How is it caused?

Our body sweats during summer in order to keep itself cool. At times sweating is not enough to maintain body temperature and prolonged sun exposure causes the body temperature to increase. As body temperature increases, muscle cramps start developing and in no time, other symptoms of heat-illness also show up.  If not treated in time, heat-illness can result in severe brain and heart damage.

Symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breathe
  • Pale skin
  • Fainting
  • Muscle cramps

Treatment

  • Take the victim to a cool, shaded place.
  • Pour cool water on the victim’s forehead and face.
  • Make the victim drink lots of fluids (avoid caffeine and alcohol).

Prevention

Heat-illness can always be prevented by following a few simple tips. Here are they :

  • Carry an umbrella while going out in the sun.
  • Wear loose-fitted, light-coloured clothes for they allow your body to cool down properly.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
  • Do not indulge in extreme physical activity during day-time. If you exercise, then go for it in the evenings or early mornings when the weather is cool.

Heat-illness is a serious health concern during summers and if left untreated, can lead to complications. So stay cool and safe this summer no matter how mighty the sun gets.

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